Benzyl alcohol CAS# 100-51-6

Benzyl alcohol, Promotion Season Now in Store and Free Sample for Testing with Factory Price
  • Appearance: Colorless liquid
  • Assay: 99%min
  • Packaging: 210kg/Iron drum
  • Sample: Available

Quality Control of Benzyl alcohol

Chemical Structure
Packing of Bretazenil

Description of Benzyl alcohol

Benzyl alcohol is an aromatic alcohol with the formula C6H5CH2OH. The benzyl group is often abbreviated “Bn” (not to be confused with “Bz” which is used for benzoyl), thus benzyl alcohol is denoted as BnOH. Benzyl alcohol is a colorless liquid with a mild pleasant aromatic odor. It is a useful solvent due to its polarity, low toxicity, and low vapor pressure. Benzyl alcohol is partially soluble in water (4g/100mL) and completely miscible in alcohols and diethyl ether. The anion produced by deprotonation of the alcohol group is known as benzylate or benzyloxide.

Basic Info of Bretazenil

Basic Info

Chemical Name

benzyl alcohol


Benzenemethanol;Benzyl alcohol;



Molecular Formula


Molecular Weight







Safety Info



Safety Statements


HS Code


WGK Germany



UN 1593 6.1/PG 3

Risk Statements

R20/22; R63; R43; R36/37/38; R23/24/25; R45; R40

Hazard Codes




Caution Statement

P261; P301 + P312 + P330; P304 + P340 + P312; P305 + P351 + P338

Signal Word


Hazard Declaration

H302 + H332; H319



Appearance & Physical State

colourless liquid



Boiling Point


Melting Point


Flash Point


Refractive Index


Water Solubility

4.29 g/100 mL (20 ºC)

Storage Condition


Vapor Density

3.7 (vs air)

Vapor Pressure

13.3 mm Hg ( 100 °C)


Numbering system

MDL number


EINECS number


BRN number


RTECS number


PubChem number



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What is Benzyl alcohol?

Part I: Introduction

With the development of technology and social progress, machinery, medicine, cosmetics, electronics, ceramics, glass, etc. are all-pervasive in people’s daily lives. One of these products is benzyl alcohol, which is widely used in some fields.

The official answer: benzyl alcohol, also known as benzyl alcohol, molecular formula C6H5CH2OH, density 1.045 g/mLat25°C (lit.), is the simplest fatty alcohol containing phenyl, which can be regarded as hydroxymethyl substituted benzene, or phenyl substituted methanol. It is a colorless, clear, viscous liquid with a faintly aromatic odor, sometimes with a slightly bitter almond smell of benzaldehyde due to oxidation when benzyl alcohol is left for a long time. It is polar, low in toxicity, and has a low vapor pressure, which is why it is used as an alcohol solvent.

Where are the main areas of application for benzyl alcohol?

Part II: In-depth development

Benzyl alcohol is an extremely useful fragrance fixing agent and is indispensable in the preparation of jasmine, under-the-moon, and ylang-ylang fragrances. It is used in the formulation of soaps; daily make-up fragrances. But benzyl alcohol can be slowly natural oxidation, part of the generation of benzaldehyde and benzyl ether, so that commercially available products often with almond fragrance, so should not be stored for a long time. Benzyl alcohol is widely used in the production of industrial chemicals. It is used as a solvent for paints; a photographic developer; a stabilizing Chemicalbook agent for polyvinyl chloride; a pharmaceutical; a solvent for synthetic resins; a solvent for vitamin b injections; and a preservative for ointments or pharmaceutical solutions. It can be used as nylon silk; desiccant for fiber and plastic film, dye; cellulose ester; solvent for casein, intermediate for making benzyl ester or ether. It is also widely used in the production of pens (biros oil); paint solvents, etc. GB2760–1996 stipulates that it is temporarily allowed to be used as an edible spice.

Benzyl alcohol is used as a preservative for ointment, desiccant for fiber, nylon silk and plastic film, stabilizer for polyvinyl chloride, photographic developer, solvent for acetate, ink, paint, paint, epoxy resin paint, dyestuff, casein, shellac, and gelatin, intermediate for making benzyl ester or ether. It is also used to make fragrances and flavorings (mostly benzyl alcohol esters of fatty acids) for use as additives in soaps, perfumes, cosmetics, and other products. Used as a discriminator between quartz and wool fibers as it has almost the same refractive index as quartz and wool fibers. The hydroxyl group of benzyl alcohol is very active in the fragrance industry and it can react with benzene to form diphenylmethane, with acrylonitrile to form N-benzylacrylamide (Ritter reaction), and with phosphorus halides and hydrohalic acids to form benzyl halides. Both benzyl halochemicalbook and benzyl alcohol are benzyl (phenylmethyl) chemistry reagents used to give benzyl protecting groups to carboxylic acid and alcohol hydroxyl groups. The benzyl protecting group is easily removed by hydrogenation. In addition, benzyl alcohol is also readily oxidized to benzoic acid by a variety of oxidizing agents, which, if oxidized with nitric acid, can produce either an aldehyde or an acid, depending on the concentration and temperature. When penicillin is injected, benzyl alcohol is often used as an anesthetic to prevent the patient from feeling too much pain, so that the pain is not too intense, hence the name “painless water”. However, a common clinical side effect was soon discovered: gluteus contracture. In 2005, the State Drug Administration banned the use of benzyl alcohol as a solvent for penicillin injections.


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Korea Kim
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