Cyclohexanone CAS# 108-94-1
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Cyclohexanone: The Complete Guide
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Quality Control of Cyclohexanone
Quality Control & MSDS
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Description of Cyclohexanone
Cyclohexanone is the organic compound with the formula (CH2)5CO. The molecule consists of six-carbon cyclic molecule with a ketone functional group. This colorless oil has an odor reminiscent of peardrop sweets as well as acetone. Over time, samples assume a yellow color due to oxidation. Cyclohexanone is slightly soluble in water and miscible with common organic solvents. Billions of kilograms are produced annually, mainly as a precursor to nylon.
Basic Info of Cyclohexanone
Appearance & Physical State
150 g/L (10 ºC)
Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
3.4 (vs air)
3.4 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
What is Cyclohexanone?
With the progress of science and technology and the development of society, chemical products have invariably permeated our daily lives, in medicine, food, cosmetics, electronics, industry, and other areas, becoming an essential part of our lives. One such product is Cyclohexanone which has developed particularly rapidly in recent years. Do you know about Cyclohexanone?
The official answer: Cyclohexanone is an organic compound with the chemical formula C6H10O, a saturated cyclic ketone with carbonyl carbon atoms included in a six-membered ring. Colorless transparent liquid with an earthy smell, and a minty smell when it contains traces of phenol. Impurity is light yellow, with the storage time to generate impurities and color development, water-white to grayish-yellow, with a strong pungent odor. Mixed with air explosion pole and open-chain saturated ketone same. In industry, it is mainly used as raw materials for organic synthesis and solvents, for example, it can dissolve cellulose nitrate, paint, paint, etc.
On October 27, 2017, the World Health Organization’s International Agency for Research on Cancer published a preliminary list of carcinogens for reference, cyclohexanone in the list of carcinogens in category 3.
What’s the application of Cyclohexanone?
Cyclohexanone is an important chemical raw material and is a major intermediate in the manufacture of nylon, caprolactam, and adipic acid. It is also an important industrial solvent, such as for paints, especially for those containing nitrocellulose, vinyl chloride polymers, and their copolymers or methacrylate polymer paints, etc. It is used as an excellent solvent for pesticides such as organophosphorus insecticide and many analogs, as a solvent for dyes, as a viscous solvent for piston-type aviation lubricants, and as a solvent for grease, wax, and rubber. It is also used as an equalizer for dyeing and fading silk, a degreasing agent for polishing metal, and lacquer for wood coloring. Used as a high boiling point solvent for nail polish and other cosmetics. It is usually formulated with low boiling point solvents and medium boiling point solvents to form mixed solvents to obtain a suitable evaporation rate and viscosity. Cyclohexanone is a very widely used petrochemical raw material, but also an important organic solvent, cyclohexanone according to its use is often divided into two categories: amide and non-amide. Cyclohexanone for amides is mainly used to manufacture caprolactam and adipic acid, both of which are important raw materials for the manufacture of fiber PA6 and engineering plastic PA66. At the same time, cyclohexanone is an important industrial solvent and can also be used to produce pharmaceutical intermediates. At present, there are three main production methods of cyclohexanone: cyclohexane oxidation, phenol hydrogenation, and cyclohexene hydration. Phenol hydrogenation was the first process applied to the industrial production of cyclohexanone, and Chemicalbook has two oxidation routes for cyclohexane oxidation in industrial production, one for catalytic oxidation and the other for non-catalytic oxidation. The catalytic oxidation process mainly uses cobalt salts, boric acid, or metaboric acid as catalysts. 1980s Japan Asahi Kasei developed the cyclohexene hydration process for cyclohexanol. This process is based on the incomplete hydrogenation reaction of benzene as raw material to prepare cyclohexene, and cyclohexene hydration to produce cyclohexanol, with cyclohexane as a by-product in the route. The process has low consumption and effectively avoids the waste alkali generated during the cyclohexane oxidation process, which reduces the environmental pressure and has obvious prospects.
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